The Official Website of Imam Reza's Holy Shrine
1397/9/7 چهارشنبه

HE IS ALLAH…

.
HE IS ALLAH…

“He is Allah-

there is no god except Him-Knower of

the sensible and the unseen, He is the All-beneficent, the All-merciful. ۞ He is Allah-there is no god except Him-the Sovereign, the All-holy, the All-benign, the

Securer, the All-conserver, the All-mighty, the All-compeller, the All-magnanimous. Clear is Allah of any partners that they may ascribe [to Him]! ۞ He is Allah, the Creator, the Maker, the Former. To Him belong the Best Names. Whatever there is in the heavens glorifies Him and [whatever there is

in] the earth, and He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.”

(59:22-24) The recitation of the closing blessed verses of surat al- Ḥashr have been strongly

recommended in traditions and different blessings have been enumerated for the same, instances of which include being absolved of sins and attaining to the elevated state of martyrs. It is through the recitation of these blessed verses that man may attend to the Divine Attributes mentioned herein and find the greatest Name of Allah, since eighteen Divine Attributes have been mentioned in these blessed verses each of which reflect His boundless and absolute Perfect Attributes. Besides treating of Divine Unity twice, these blessed verses enumerate seventeen Divine Attributes: Knower of the sensible and the unseen (‘Ālim al-ghayb wa al-shahāda), All-beneficent (al-Raḥmān), All-merciful (al-Raḥīm), the Sovereign (al-Malik), the All-holy (al-Quddūs), the All-benign (al-Salām), the Securer (al-Mu’min), the All-conserver (al-Muhaymin), the All-mighty (al-‘Azīz), the All-compeller (al-Jabbār), the All-magnanimous (al-Mutakabbir), the Creator (al-Khāliq), the Maker (al-Bāri’), the Former (al-Muṣawwir), the All-wise (al-Ḥakīm), Possessing the Best Names, and The One Glorified by all the creatures of the world. Taking into account Divine Unity, eighteen Divine Attributes

have been enumerated herein. It is to be noted that Divine Unity and All-mighty have been mentioned twice. The enumeration of the Attributes follows a specific order in the three blessed verses. The first blessed verse treats of the most general Attribute of Divine Essence, the Omniscient and the most general Attribute of Action, All-beneficent from which all Divine Acts spring. The second verse treats of His Sovereignty and the aspects of His Absolute Sovereignty, e.g. the All-holy, the All-benign, the Securer, the All-mighty, the All-magnanimous. The last verse treats of creation

and its aspects, e.g. the Maker, the Former, the Almighty, and the All-wise. Thus, these blessed verses guide those treading the path of knowing Allah at different stages, beginning with His pure Essence, proceeding toward the world of creation, and guiding them from creatures to the Creator and thereby purifying the heart as the abode of Divine Attributes and the center of Divine forms. Thus, they are fostered in the light of such teachings and their souls

blossom with the fear of Allah Almighty and thereby deserve nearness unto Him. Thus, unanimous with all the constituent elements of the world, they glorify His

Holiness. It is noteworthy that the blessed sūrat al-Ḥashr opens and closes by the glorification of Allah Almighty and two Divine most beautiful Attributes, the All-mighty and the All-wise, since the final goal of the recitation of the sūra is to know Allah

Almighty, glorifying Him, and knowing His Holy Attributes. May Allah Almighty, by His most beautiful Attributes, humble our hearts before the Holy Qur’an and protect us, out of His Mercy, from satanic temptations.1

1- Taken from ‘An Enlightening Commentary

into the Light of the Holy

Qur'an’.

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