WHAT IS WEIGHING SCALE (MῙZĀN)?
The most significant stage, in the Divine court, is the Weighing Scale (Mīzān) or handling the accounts of the people. On this special occasion, a person along with his deeds will be present for praising or penalty. This glorious tribunal will be held in the presence of the Just Lord, witnesses and all human beings throughout history. There are several questions about the quality and reality of Mīzān, which have prompted us to discuss it in more detail. ISLAMIC BELIEFS 10 WHAT IS WEIGHING SCALE (MῙZĀN)? What is the Reality of Mīzān? According to the Islamic teachings, there are some spiritual measures for weighing the peoples’ actions and intentions on the Doomsday, such as justice, truth, maximum match to the main task, and corresponding with the conduct of the Allah’s Favorites. For instance, the acceptance of prayers is based on the prayer’s correspondence with the full model of a prayer or its correspondence with the prayer style of Ahl al-Bayt (P.B.U.T.). In this regard, under the verse, “We shall set up the scales of justice on the Day of Resurrection.” (21:47), Imam Ṣādiq (P.B.U.H.) said, “The scales are the prophets and their successors.”1 We also read in the visitation supplication of Imam ‘Alī (P.B.U.H.), “Peace be on you, Oʼ the weighing scale.”2 Accordingly, the prayers of all mankind will be weighed with the weight of the prayers of Imam ‘Alī (P.B.U.H.). Elsewhere, regarding the verse, “The weighing [of deeds] on that Day is a truth. As for those whose deeds weigh heavy in the scales, it is they who are the felicitous. As for those whose deeds weigh light in the scales, it is they who have ruined their souls.” (7:8-9) Imam Ṣādiq (P.B.U.H.) said, “The Mīzān means justice.”3 In the other place, regarding the aforementioned verse, ‘Allāma Tabataba’i, the 20th century Islamic scholar, said, “Verily, in the Hour, the validity and invalidity of deeds is measured by the truth. That is, whatever action consists of the truth, is accordingly valid, worthwhile and heavy, but whatever action is away from the truth is accordingly invalid, absurd and weightless. Consequently, good deeds are weighty, since they consist of the truth, but bad 1. Kulaynī, Al-Kāfī, (Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīya Publication), vol. 1, p. 419. 2. Ibn Mashhadi, Al-Mazār al-Kabīr, (Jāmi‘a Mudarrisīn publication), p. 184. 3. Majlisī, Biḥār al-Anwār, (Al-Wafā Foundation), vol. 7, p. 249. deeds are weightless, because they are false.”4 It is crystal clear that, there is no contradiction between these views, because the Apostle of Allah said, “‘Alī is with truth, and the truth is with ‘Alī.”5 Therefore, our actions must be corresponded with the truth as well as the conduct of Imam ‘Alī and the other Allah’s favorites (P.B.U.T.), because, they are the manifestation of Allah’s justice in the world. justice in terms of thought, opinion, attributes and actions6 has been explained by George Jordac, the 20th century Lebanese Christian scholar, in his book, Imam ‘Alī (P.B.U.H.), The Voice of Human Justice. What are the Heaviest Actions in the Scale? The best actions which help to increase the measure of good deeds in the scales in the Doomsday are, expressing the word “Lā ilāha illā Allāh” (There is no god but Allah), sending ṣalawāt (blessing) on the Prophet Muḥammad and his infallible progeny (P.B.U.T.) and having a good character.7 It is obvious that, the words “Lā ilāha illā Allāh” and ṣalawāt should be expressed by heart and soul and we must avoid artificial actions. In other words, we should show our love to Allah the Almighty and Ahl al-Bayt (P.B.U.T.) in our daily life (3:31), to be safe from the hardships of the Resurrection, “So Allah saved them from the ills of that day, and granted them freshness and joy.” (76:11) * Compiled and Translated by Mohammad Javad Norouzi 4. Tabataba’i, Al-Mīzān, (Jāmi‘a Mudarrisīn publication), pp. 10-11. 5. Majlisī, Biḥār al-Anwār, (Al-Wafā Foundation), vol. 28, p. 369. 6. Makarem Shirazi, Tafsīr-i Nimūni, (Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīya Publication), vol. 6, p. 93. 7. Shaykh ‘Abbās Qumī, Manāzil al-Ākhira, (Mudarris Publication), pp. 75-92; Majlisī, Biḥār al-Anwār, (Al-Wafā Foundation), vol. 9, p. 294.