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1397/7/16 دوشنبه

A SINCERE ARCHITECT, Architect of the Holy shrine

A SINCERE ARCHITECT, Architect of the Holy shrine


The value of every individual can be wholly perceived only after his death. Bahāʼ al- Dīn Muḥammad b. Ḥusayn al- ʻĀmilī, also known as Shaykh Bahā’ī or Shaykh al-Islām, was among those unique personages whose worth was fully revealed only after he passed away. The value of this sincere man is reflected in his lasting fame, whether in mosques or in schools, traces of his greatness can be found. He never abandoned acquiring knowledge, compiling and writing treatises while being involved in political and social affairs. Moreover, he lived a life of generosity, benevolence, freedom, modesty, and affability. He has compiled, written and composed many books as a scholar, a mystic, a philosopher, an architect, a mathematician, an astronomer and a poet, the most outstanding of which are Kashkūl, al- ḥisāb, and Khulāṣa. In the political arena he occupied a prominent status in the government during the Safavid era. During the Safavid period, owing to the Shī‘as’ affection for Ahl al-Bayt (P.B.U.T.), the Raḍawī holy Shrine flourished enormously. Shaykh Bahā’ī’s architectural design brought radical changes in the appearance of the Shrine. Traveling frequently to Mashhad, he undertook a plan to remodel and repair those parts of the Shrine that had been demolished by the Mongols. The northern, western and eastern sides of the Inqilāb Courtyard were built based on Shaykh Bahā’ī’s architectural plan. The northern side was also repaired on his order. Reconstruction of the Porticoes that are adjacent to the Burial Chamber as well as the construction of the Drum Enclosure (Naqqāra Khāna) were all undertaken on his order. Influencing the cultural infrastructures, Shaykh Bahā’ī designed five main departments: shoe-keeping, door-keeping, drumbeating, as well as carpet and illumination departments. He also made some practical modifications to the library of Āstān Quds Raḍawī, including increasing the numbers of the books and providing extended services for easier access to the 7 sources. The process of the revision of documents and of donations to the Shrine was reformed on his order as well. In terms of personal donations, Shaykh Bahā’ī donated his own library, containing 40,000 versions of precious books, to the Āstān Quds Raḍawī complex. Moreover, he awarded authentic versions of the holy Qur’an which are attributed to be written by Imam ‘Alī, Imam Ḥasan, and Imam Ḥusayn (P.B.U.T.) to the library of Āstān Quds Raḍawī. Taking a glance at the southeast side of the Shrine you can enjoy the attractions of Shaykh Bahā’ī Portico which is also the resting place of this well-known scholar. Among the beauties of this Portico, are two inscriptions, one on a Muʻarraq tile containing the carved eulogies of his tombstone, and the other on the wall of his mausoleum introducing his works. What a great honor it is to achieve the proximity of the Ahl al-Bayt (P.B.U.T.) as our ultimate place. For sure the key is in behaving sincerely; as the more you obey His commands, the nearer you will become to His beloved ones.1

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